Russia

Pilot projects

Approach

To achieve the overall goal of the ARCEE project, i.e. to increase the know-how of key stakeholders in the partner countries on energy efficient housing refurbishment and new construction, one central activity in the project is the practical preparation and if possible also implementation of energy efficiency measures in multi-family residential buildings. This is done in the frame of pilot projects which are realised in each of the partner countries.

The pilot project activities focus on the identification of suitable buildings (one or two per country), the visit of the buildings and the analysis of their current structural conditions and energy efficiency as well as the development of recommendations and refurbishment concepts. These activities are implemented by the German project partners Auraplan and IWO in close cooperation with the national partners and the administrations of the pilot project buildings. The involvement of the residents of the buildings is regarded as crucial aspect in this context.

The pilot projects in Odessa, Ukraine and St. Petersburg, Russia focus on providing consultancy for existing buildings which are in need of refurbishment. The project partners suggest a comprehensive refurbishment approach, but also analyse and present refurbishment variants. In Minsk, Belarus the construction process of a new multi-storey residential building is accompanied and recommendations regarding the energy performance, execution of construction works and liability aspects are given.

To learn more about the pilot projects in each country please visit the country subsections. Furthermore, you can find information on the project’s approach with regard to the pilot projects. 

Pilot project in Kirovsk (Leningrad Oblast)

The building Naberezhnaya, 3 in Kirovsk (Leningrad Oblast), was selected as one of two suitable pilot project in Russia. It was built in 1968 with brick walls and prefabricated roof panels and represents the so called "hruschovka" building type. The building consists of 90 flats on 5 storeys and in 6 sections. It has no balconies or other building annexes. The building's apartments are partly owned by private persons and partly by the municipality. The key persons involved in the process are representatives of the municipal administration and the house management company.

In cooperation with all stakeholders, the project partner Auraplan has analysed the current state with regard to the structural condition and energy efficiency of the building. Among the major problems are the uncomfortable cold temperatures in winter times, the lacking possibilities for regulating the heating system, and the problem of mould. In order to get an overview of the saving potential of walls, windows, roof and floor, Auraplan also calculated the energy demand.

Based on these calculated data, different refurbishment variants have been developed. The project team recommends the realisation of a complex building refurbishment, starting with the improvement of the building shell, tackling all building elements and improving the technical equipment (one pipe system, partly equipped with by passes) as well as the ventilation concept to avoid the mould problem.

Although from a technical point of view the most suitable approach, it does not seem possible to start a complex refurbishment within the frame of the ARCEE project. Neither the private home owners nor the municipality have so far the financial power to cover the estimated costs for the complex refurbishment. It is therefore planned to include the building into the capital repair program and to realize the measures stepwise. For this purpose, a tendering document is elaborated, costs are calculated more precisely and suitable packages of measures are described.

Kirovsk

ARCEE pilot project Kirovsk (photo: Christiane von Knorre)

Recommendations for the refurbishment of a typical building of 1968 Naberezhnaya 3, Kirovsk, Leningrad Oblast (Russia)

Pilot project in Kolpino (St. Petersburg)

The building Tverskaya st. 45, in Kolpino, St. Petersburg, was selected as one of two suitable pilot projects in Russia. It was built in 1990 and represents the large panel buildings of the 137 series. The building consists of 236 flats on 12 storeys and in 4 sections. The building is partly owned by a cooperative, the key person involved in the process is the head of the household cooperative.

Within the project activities, the current state with regard to the structural and energy efficiency of the building has been analysed. Uncomfortable cold temperatures in winter times, cold gable walls and the lacking regulation of the heating system have been detected. In order to get an overview on the saving potential of walls, windows, roof and floor, the energy demand has been calculated.

Based on these calculated data, the project partner Auraplan had developed different refurbishment variants. The project team recommends implementing a complex refurbishment, starting with the improvement of the building shell, tackling all building elements and improving the technical equipment (one pipe system, partly equipped with by passes) as well as the ventilation concept.

Although from a technical point of view the most suitable approach, a complex refurbishment would mean significant costs. Neither the private homeowners, nor the homeowner association have so far the financial power to cover the estimated costs of a complex refurbishment. Therefore, the most realistic solution seems to use the model of energy service contracts (ESCO).

Kolpino

ARCEE pilot project Kolpino (photo: Christiane von Knorre)
 

Recommendations for the refurbishment  of a 137 Series building on Tverskaya 45, Kolpino (Russia) 

Training seminar in St.Petersburg

Training seminar for house managers and representatives of homeowner associations addressing the question “How to engage flat owners in refurbishment of multi-apartment buildings” was organised in Russia (St. Petersburg) in May 2014. The goal of the seminar was to support house managers and homeowner associations in the communication at different steps of a refurbishment. The one-day event included the following topics:

  • Preparation phase: evaluation of energy performance of the building to assess the need for improvement
  • Communication with flat owners on possible options (legal, technical, financial) and measures (insulation, change of windows, etc.) to increase energy performance of the building
  • Reaching a common agreement on refurbishment measures of the house by flat owners
  • Steps and measures of the refurbishment for improving the energy performance of the house. 

The report from training is available here:

Training seminar in St.Petersburg (22.05.2014)